—Too many frivolous lawsuits are filed over issues that should not be going to court.
—Increasingly, medical students are choosing more lucrative specialties and not becoming primary care physicians. Coupled with a growing number of retiring primary care physicians and an increase in demand for health care services as the baby boomer generation nears retirement, a primary care doctor shortage threatens care in Oklahoma, both in the near and long term.
—Defensive medicine is driving up the cost of health care. A 2006 survey by the Alliance for Oklahoma Physicians for Tort Reform showed that 87 percent of physicians admitted to practicing “defensive medicine” by requiring further tests or frequent visits to avoid the risk of litigation.
Insurance costs paid by state companies continue to rise.
—The high cost of malpractice insurance is forcing doctors to close their practices, especially in high-risk specialties (like OB-GYNs) in rural areas. This severely limits health care access is rural Oklahoma.
Oklahoma needs a legal system where all parties receive a fair trial when needed and disputes are settled quickly; where the injured are fairly compensated for damages suffered; and where defendants are responsible in proportion to their actual fault.
Businesses are currently forced to operate under a constant threat of being sued. This fear stifles innovation in the workplace, which would help create new jobs. Many lawyers file lawsuits not to win their case in court, but to make money on settlements with businesses and insurance companies who can’t afford the battle of a frivolous case.
Similar problems exist in manufacturing, small business and the service sector, where the cost of protective measures and defensive strategies against unfounded litigation is imbedded in every product, resulting in higher costs for consumers.
Consequently, Oklahoma jobs are at stake. Insurance costs paid by state companies — business liability and employee health insurance — continue to rise. In today’s economy, employers face tough choices to survive. When the cost of doing business rises, business owners cannot hire new employees.
This is a problem, and returning common sense to our courts, and personal responsibility to our society will help alleviate the strain on businesses. We cannot let rhetoric get in the way of much-needed legal reforms that will help drive economic development in our state for years to come. Adoption of comprehensive lawsuit reform will send a signal to the country that Oklahoma is, in fact, open for business.
Morgan is president and CEO of the State Chamber of Oklahoma.